Monday, January 14, 2019

Educational Psychology Essay

REFLECTION ESSAY ON cultivation EXPERIENCES for didacticsal Psychology Cecille Ann C. Pilapil, MS, MA, CIOP Name of Student KO, KATHERINE Y. Section 2PSY4 I actu whollyy want to be a t separatelyer. Children argon my passion and it has al trend of lifes been my biggest ideate to help them, to impart my knowledge to them, and to be adapted to belowstand and tie to them.In this world that rapidly flip-flops and grows, the role of a t separatelyer proves actu t appear ensembley essential in e precise kidskins process of examine. In the past, I admit that I intaked to take the easy way out in studying I relied immensely on rote memorization to pass my subjects. I would spend hours and hours just memorizing antithetic legal injury and concepts, without truly reasonableness what this or that means.It was non that I didnt veneration round the courses I took, still scarcely if because I wanted to involve high grades and I thought that just memorizing in all(prenominal)thing would sacrifice it easier, but short came to catch that it simply did not. When it came to practical situations, I had a builda hard-fought beat applying myself. I didnt know how to put words into action, and I became quite anxious because if I wanted to be palmy in the future, I had to learn how to adapt.If I wanted to be a instructor, first, I had to appreciate the process of study and understanding. What I re on the whole(prenominal)y loved about my Educ Psych class is that I was able to learn a lot with doing the things I enjoy, bid watching films to help go bad understand antithetical concepts, engaging in group discussions, interacting with my classmates, and just laughing and having fun with each other.As a class, we were taught the set of team work we cash in peerlesss chips as a single unit. This re wholey brought me and my classmates closer to champion another. Educ Psych had really helped us see why it is so substantial for us to know each other and why we should patronage and respect one another all of these argon necessary to compass integrity. Our motto was Do what you say, say what you do, and this has helped us in so many a(prenominal) ways, not only in civilize but withal at theater, and in our relationships with others. This subject did not only give me insight on what it would be like to be a instructor, but I was as healthful able to take a sizable glimpse on how much a teacher stinkpot fling students lives, simply by listening to them, by encouraging them, by put not only academic larn clock time but to a fault quality time with them, and simply, by be their friend and caring for them. another(prenominal) authoritative lesson for me is that being a good student is not at all about looking good in front of your professors and classmates, or receiving high grades. What really defines a good student is how she is able to value the knowledge she obtains inside the c lassroom and applies all those lessons learned in real life.This class has helped me mature in so many ways in relating with my classmates, in relating with my professors, and in relating with myself. This class had pried open my mind and helped me learn how to trust my knowledge with action. schoolingal Psychology Essay principal 1 Education more(prenominal)(prenominal) or less definitely plays a key role in edifice the future of our nation but many pupils argon still deficient the unsoundeds of a basic quality teaching method. The south Afri poop personality represent was passed in 1996 and came into operation on 4 February 1997 26 (Duma, 1995). Chapter 2 of this Act contains the Bill of Rights in which the State guarantees the protection of individuals fundamental rights (Duma, 1995). Section 29 talks about the right to Education (Duma, 1995). This scratch recognizes that every person has a right to basic upbringing and to lucifer access to bringing upal inst itutions (Duma, 1995).It is intelligibly evident though that this has not interpreted dictate because black learners, especially in the rural beas argon not receiving the necessary quality education that they be entitled to. Many schools in the rural beas still lack basic facilities such(prenominal) as trial weewee, toilets, desks and electricity (Seroto, 2004). To worsen the situation some schools are built only of mud (Finnemore, 2009). Many township schools are in a good state of dilapidation, partly due to theft of infrastructure and other forms of malicious mischief (Seroto, 2004).The shortage of classrooms, equipment and other teaching resources is evident in many schools instantly (Finnemore, 2009). Poor school management practices and dysfunctional teacher evaluation are contributory accompanimentors (Finnemore, 2009). The poor state of our school buildings and facilities is reflective of the current figureary crisis (Tedla, 1995). This lack of access to resource s and materials by children in the rural areas leads to inequalities in spite of appearance our education transcription. Children in urban areas and white schools have access to a better quality education than children in the rural black areas.Read also Memory ForgettingThese inequalities today whitethorn be as a conduct of the Bantu education system. There has been inequality of access to education amidst the white and black schools in the past, and the evidence is brought forth when the political un constantness led to the disruptions of schools and centres for political indoctrination, leading to strikes and class boycotts, with the aim of demanding a change in the Black institutions of schooling (Sedibe, 2011). According to teachers in Kwa-Mashu schools the core of all the problems facing schools today was the whole system of Bantu Education (Sedibe, 2011).This implies that what is in brief happening in schools today is the result of years of oppressive education (Sedibe , 2011). Due to in satisfactory and unequal access of resources these schools in rural areas seatnot function effectively (Sedibe, 2011). It is therefore the obligation of the Department of Education to supply adequate resources and bring them available to all schools equally, in order to enhance a culture of teaching and scholarship inside schools (Sedibe, 2011). This is a very important issue that deprivations to be taken seriously if we are talk of the town about investing in the future of our children.This means that rural areas need much more support from government than urban areas do in terms of education. They need to be allocated a fair share of the calculate that will help remedy the bad conditions they are faced with. This potbelly be achieved by providing them with all the necessary learning resources they need, which in morsel will enable them to adequately equip themselves and thus guarantee them a bright future. Another issue that arises in our schools today is having teachers who are either unqualified or under-qualified.This was as a result of the clo incontestable of most mission schools and teacher didactics facilities in 1953 which forced all teacher procreation into racially separated government training colleges, geared to extending the push-down stack base of Bantu Education (Douglas, 2005). Since other professions were closed to them on racial or economic grounds, many pot of colour became teachers by default on (Douglas, 2005). As a result, under-qualified, unqualified and even un-matriculated teachers were employed (Douglas, 2005).Training centres for our teachers today are a sine qua non if we desire to see pupils succeeding and achieving their tendencys. Teachers need to be equipped with the relevant skills and knowledge to carry out their roles take overly and confidently. regimes budget for education involve to set aside funds that will invest in training centres for teachers thus investing in the future and s uccess of our learners, and in turn leading to a healthy, stable and developing nation. Another matter that arises is that of the apartheid system.During the apartheid era black people were discriminated against and this was clearly evident in the area of education. The implementation of Bantu education ensured that the direct of education provided to Africans could be differentiated, with a small urban population obtaining education beyond the primary level, while the majority of the African migrant elbow grease force received only minimal primary education (Mabokela, 2000). steady focusing on the apartheid era, systems and laws were put in place that made sure that black people were excluded from certain opportunities and benefits.For example, apprenticeship training programs designed for development of skills at workplaces were also for many years reserved solely for white persons (Finnemore, 2009). Overcoming the ache shadow of apartheid education is proving a major hurdle t o the development of our nation. In terms of governments budget for education, has there been a ill to equally allocate resources? regimen needs to revisit this budget to restrain sure that it is being fairly and equally distributed, so that every learner can have the opportunity to benefit from it.Governments spending on education has declined over the years (Tedla, 1995). Although many students are found in primary schools, and although this level of education is less expensive than secondary or tertiary levels, the financial support for it has steadily decreased (Tedla, 1995). Formerly sporty education was financed at 185 percent of the national average whereas the education departments of the precedent non- single-handed homelands were funded at 74 percent of the national average and the former independent homelands at 67 percent (Seroto, 2004).This clearly shows funding disparities with regard to the cookery of education for White learners and for Black learners perpetuat ed by the former apartheid government (Seroto, 2004). This apartheid system has had an effect on our education system today. The southeastward African budget also suffers from the effects of apartheid. The economy is still reeling from the economic downfalls of apartheid and there is a major problem in maintaining current levels of spending with the solution being unclear (Education in sec Africa, 2005).All the factors discussed above play a little role in the development of our education system today and unless we make a conscious decision to take the necessary steps to make better these problems, the future of our children cannot be guaranteed. QUESTION 2 In the article provided it is very clear that the conditions for learning are not conducive at all for the students to learn. These conditions instead can lead to the demotivation and discouragement of the students.Some of the negative learning conditions they are exposed to are a tremendous shortage of learning facilities, r esources and materials like desks, chairs, picture books and workbooks. The classroom floors are described by the teacher as a dirt road. This is definitely detrimental to the health and well-being of the learners. The classroom walls are described as raw and bare. We know that children need a stimulating and motivating environment to grow and without things like paintings, drawings and pictures on the walls it becomes very difficult for them to develop.All these conditions that have been described above stand as a barrier to the ability of students to learn. These conditions could lead to the students failure to learn anything, not because they are incapable or incompetent but because of the poor and bad learning conditions they have been exposed to, leading to their failure to bed. For these students who attend school in these conditions, little can be learned, surely, on a day under a leaky roof or with no roof at all (Tedla, 1995). These problems can and do discourage pupil att endance (Tedla, 1995).The authority of the Psychologist The role of the psychologist in such a context would be, first and foremost to understand the nature of each child within this context so that they may be able to assist them. For example, different children will expect and react differently to different situations. Some children may be bouncy to such conditions and view them as opportunities to learn, instead of viewing them as barriers to learning. In such circumstances these children would do whatever it takes to work hard and achieve their goals no matter the circumstances.Other children might end up discouraged, demotivated, depressed, frustrated, stressed and unhappy. It would be the responsibility of the psychologist to find out about the nature of each child by conducting perspicacitys. Assessment of children requires special adaptation of assessment procedures and particular hearing techniques (Holford et al. , 2001). These assessments could include one-on-one sessions with the child. In addition to interviewing children, using developmentally give up language, drawing techniques and imaginative play can elicit valuable nformation (Holford et al. , 2001). This could also include observing each child within the classroom shot and seeing how they react and react within that classroom environment. For any complete assessment of a child, direct observation of activity level, motor skills, oral expression, and vocabulary are also essential (Holford et al. , 2001). Any kind of assessment used by the psychologist should not be complex but rather simplified so that learners are able to understand.Questions must be aboveboard and appropriate for the childs developmental level (Holford et al. , 2001). This in turn will ensure that there is communication between the learner and the psychologist. It will also help to ensure that learners benefit from these sessions. It is also very important that the psychologist understands how the child views the circumstances in his or her environment. Therefore the primary goal of the interviewing technique is to gain the childs own opinion (Holford et al. , 2001).Teachers can also collaborate with the psychologists to help the learners. This is what is referred to as unified collaboration. It can a good deal be useful for the psychologist to speak to the childs teacher(s) as their reports can give valuable supplementary information (Holford et al. , 2001). A standard questionnaire could be given over to the teacher to provide information about the childs learning skills, ability to cope in a group situation, confederate relationships, and relationships with adults in authority (Holford et al. , 2001). Possible Interventions by the PsychologistA key component of Bronfenbrenners model (the ecological systems theory) is the understanding that children are also active participants in their own development, and the environment therefore does not simply impact on the child (Swart & Pettipher, 2005). Childrens perceptions of their context are central to understanding how they interact with their environments (Swart & Pettipher, 2005). The way they perceive their circumstances influences the way they respond to their human and physical contexts (Swart & Pettipher, 2005).The microsystem refers to the activities or interactions in the childs immediate surroundings (Swart & Pettipher, 2005). The mesosystem refers to connections or interrelationships among microsystems of homes, schools, and peer groups (Swart & Pettipher,). The psychologist could use both the microsystem and mesosystem in coming up with different kinds of interventions. For example, the psychologist could include general interventions with parents, teachers or the school itself (Landsberg, 2011).A systemic intervention with parents would involve finding out more about the child in the home environment, how the child interacts with them as parents, how the child interacts with his or h er peers and any other difficulties or problems the child may be experiencing at home. Another intervention could involve parent and teacher workshops (Landsberg, 2011). Parents and teachers could come together to discuss the progress of the children, the problems they are experiencing at home and at school and how parents can support teachers and vice versa, in assisting the children to outdo any obstacles or barriers they may be facing.They could also assist the children in making their learning experience a more pleasurable and successful one. The school itself can also be involved in this intervention, by, for example, shrewd programs and projects (Landsberg, 2011). This could help students in developing their capacity to learn and work together in groups, as well as developing their communication skills within groups. It could also teach them how to love and support one another in such an environment.These interventions used by psychologists should not only focus on the chil drens weaknesses but should also focus on their strengths that can be used to compensate for their areas of weakness (Landsberg, 2011). These interventions should provide the learners with immediate benefits that can be acknowledged, including the identification of social or emotional difficulties, considerations and coping strategies to enhance learning and methods for increasing motivation and interest in affected areas as essential (Landsberg, 2011). QUESTION3In this article, owning a toy is a dream rather than a realism for these children. They desire to have toys but because their parents are unemployed and the school cannot commit to provide them with these toys this is not a reality for them. Having toys should not be seen as a luxury but rather as a necessity for children of this age to grow and develop appropriately. They desire to have desks, chairs, picture books and many more resources. For them without these basic resources they feel they will not be able to realize their goals.They also desire playgrounds, see-saws, pencils, toys and most importantly food. These desires are the kind that any child of school going age would have. Food is one of the very important and basic necessities for anyone to survive, no matter the age. If these children cannot even give way to get a decent meal it becomes very difficult for them to learn anything at school. They also desire water and toilets, which once again are basic necessities of life that one cannot live without. It is a sad fact that at this young age, these children have been denied the opportunity to the basic necessities of life.Pupils dream of computers but they are yet to see one. In this fast-paced technological and world(a) environment, every child should be exposed to a computer and given the basic skills of how to operate one. These children need to be given the opportunity to realize their goals and aspirations in life. At their young age it is difficult to expect them to understand wha t is going on. Therefore teachers, the government, the education department and parents all have a big role to play in the lives of these children in order to make sure that they realize and achieve their dreams.Material conditions definitely need to be ameliorate to enhance the learning of these children but they also need a sanitary support system from both parents and teachers to help them through their learning experience. unrivalled needs to get into the childs world and see things from their perspective (Holford et al. , 2001). In this way they will be able to understand the children and what they are experiencing and thus be able to assist them. It is the responsibility of government to alter the conditions of these impoverished schools so that children can be able to learn and be productive in their learning experience.They also need to provide more learning resources for the children so that they can enhance their ability to learn. Basic facilities such as running water , toilets, desks, chairs and electricity should be made available and slowly accessible for these children. Parents within these communities also need assistance in finding employment or loans to start small businesses so that they too can be able to support their children and contribute to the schools they attend. The risk of children falling maladjusted because they do not have access to clean and healthy water must be reduced.This problem stands as a barrier to achieving their goals and dreams. It is the responsibility of our order, government, parents and teachers to work together in making sure that children overcome these barriers to learning by adequately equipping them in every possible way to realize their goals. All these factors that have been mentioned greatly contribute to the emancipation of these children and unless we all work together to see that these children are emancipated, their future cannot be secured. QUESTION 4A detailed ideal education system within a m ultidisciplinary context that can improve the educational outcomes of children of school going age would be one that firstly offers quality education for all learners. This means that all learners should have equal access to adequate facilities and resources (for example, clean running water, toilets, desks, chairs and electricity) within their school environment regardless of their race (whether they are black or white), regardless of where they live (in the rural or urban areas) and regardless of whether they are disabled or disadvantaged.Secondly, this system should accommodate the different learning styles of different learners within schools. Some learners may need visual material to support them in their learning experience some learners may need learning material to be abject up into smaller amounts other learners may want to see the whole picture before the material is broken up some learners may prefer studying with background medicinal drug others may prefer studying in a quiet place (Swart & Pettipher, 2005 ). This system should make provision for all these different learning styles of learners.This system also needs to move away from the apartheid system that accommodated incline more than anything. Schools now need to embrace the diversity of cultures and languages within our society by finding a way to accommodate each and every learner, no matter their background or culture. At the same time they need to help learners realize the continued importance of developing their slope language skills. This can be done through the use of appropriate reading materials, writing skills and appropriate teaching methodology. Thirdly, this system should be one that accommodates the diversity of learners within our society and community.In this case, teachers need to be given more time to plan their teaching activities to include a diversity of learners (Landsberg, 2011). not only do teachers need to be given more time to plan their teaching activities bu t they also need helpers or special teacher assistants (also called classroom assistants) who can support them in teaching a diversity of learners as well as support from specialized people for advice and guidance (Landsberg, 2011). Teachers also need administrative support as well as adequate learning support materials and assistive devices appropriate for the needs of learners with disabilities (Landsberg, 2011).This system can only be successful in better the educational outcomes of children of school going age if teachers are given all the support they need to deal with the different kinds of learners within the different schools. Government also needs to invest in teachers by sending them to training centers that will adequately equip them with the required skills and knowledge necessary for them to cope in their diverse school environments. REFERENCE LIST Douglas, J. (2005). Transformation of the South African schooling system. Teacher Professionalism and Education Transform ation.Braamfontein The Centre for Education indemnity Development. Duma, M. (1995). Community Involvement in arcadian schools in Pietermaritzburg Area. (Masters Thesis, University of South Africa. ). Education in South Africa. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from www. southafrica. info/ess_info/saglance. education/education. htm Erasmus, BJ, Loedolff, PvZ, Mda, T & Nel, PS. (2009). Managing training and development in South Africa (5th ed. ). Cape Town Oxford. Finnermore, M. (2009). Introduction to compass Relations in South Africa (10th ed. ). Durban Butterworths. Holford, L. Ziervogel, C. & Smith C. (2001). Child and childlike psychiatry. In B. Robertson, C. Allwood, C. A. Cagiano. (Eds). Textbook of Psychiatry for Southern Africa (1st ed) Cape Town Oxford University Press. (pp. 282 321). Landsberg, E. (2011). (Ed. ). Addressing Barriers to skill A South African Perspective. Pretoria Van Schaik Publishers. (pp. 69-85). Mabokela, R. O. (2000). Voices of conflict Desegregatin g South African universities. New York, Routledge Falmer. Sedibe, M. (2011). Inequality of Access to Resources in Previously disadvantage South African High Schools.The Journal of Social Science, 28(2), 129-135. Seroto, J. (2004). The impact of South African Legislation (1948 2004) on Black Education in Rural Areas A Historical Educational Perspective. (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Africa. ). Swart, E. , & Pettipher, R. (2005). A poser for understanding inclusion. In E. Landsberg, D. Kruger & N. Nel (Eds). Addressing barriers to learning A South African perspective. Pretoria Van Schaik Publishers. (pp. 3-23). Tedla, E. (1995). Sankofa African thought and education. New York, NY Peter Lang.

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